components of sustainable soil management
Intensive or traditional agriculture causes physical and chemical degradation of soil, loss of organic matter, reduced biological activity in the soil and consequently a decrease in crop production. As a matter of fact, while 50% of the nitrogen applied to the soil is lost in various ways, 90% of the phosphorus cannot be taken by plants [10, 11]. It is clear that the risk of erosion in agricultural areas is high, and if the conservation measures required by sustainable agricultural techniques are not taken, it will be possible to reach irreversible levels. So, what is sustainable agriculture? By applying the yield mapping system in agricultural production, it is necessary to determine the changes in the product characteristics in the land and thus the effective and economic planning of the amount of agricultural inputs to be used. 1. With the method to be applied, the efficiency of the fertilizers is increased and the larger areas can be fertilized with less fertilizer. Soil erosion the greatest challenge for sustainable soil management Book Review: Despite almost a century of research and extension efforts, soil erosion by water, wind and tillage continues to be the greatest threat to soil health and soil ecosystem services in many regions of the world. With the use of advanced technologies, the topographic structure of the field (different slope levels and depressions), the soil color which varies according to the organic matter content and the temporal yield variability in the field are taken into consideration. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. Investing in research is a key to gathering the best data and developing the best solutions for sustainable soil management. In addition to the benefits to agriculture, contributes to the creation of new areas of employment. Soil cultivation is also important for weed control, and this is usually one of the most important reasons for cultivating the soil. Variable rate applications can be done in optimum timing in fields varying in the field in terms of water requirement. Data’s such as climate and weather conditions, soil characteristics and product types are important in determining the appropriate fertilization time. It is the process of producing various products in the field one after the other from year to year respectively. CRP is a land conservation program administered by the Farm Service Agency (FSA). As such, soil management directly connects to sustainability. According to the FESLM: An International Framework for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management definitions by FAO, sustainable land management combines socio-economic principles with environmentally sensitive technologies, policies and activities . In arid regions, the best way to protect water is to grow plants that are suitable for the ecology of the region or that only need water during the rainy season. Managing the physical properties of the soil includes the protection of the soil structure necessary for agricultural production, as well as the application of agricultural techniques and processing techniques to increase the long-term efficiency of the soil. Soil Management in Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Crop Production, Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho, Masayuki Fujita and Thiago Assis Rodrigues Nogueira, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.88319. Discharge of untreated farm wastes and wastewater into natural surface waters should be avoided. Introduction. Fertilizer application methods are extremely important in terms of fertilizer economy. Also, biomass, which is literally treated as wastes in the Philippines, should be used for mulching to preserve soil Publications and other resources on how to assess, improve and maintain soil health for both croplands and pastures. When I think of Filipino small and medium enterprises entrepreneurs, my father is the first person that comes to mind. Protection: Soil and water resources should be taken under strict protection for future generations. Moreover, our resources, which are already limited by accelerated soil erosion, may be under great threat in the future. Furthermore, soil helps combat and adapt to climate change by playing a key role in the carbon cycle. Soil Management Soil is a compound blend of minerals, organic matter, liquids, gases, and even living organisms. Therefore, precision farming practices are one of the most important components of sustainable soil fertility and plant nutrition management. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. Socio-economic intensification covers the development of markets for the produce of smallholder farmers, building social capital and creating sustainable livelihood. In the case of slow and controlled conversion of fertilizers into a useful form, the loss of nutrients, especially nitrogen, is prevented and the plant will be used for a longer period of time and increased usage efficiency. Brief introduction to this section that descibes Open Access especially from an IntechOpen perspective, Want to get in touch? Reduces the use of non-renewable sources and inputs from petroleum-based products and uses renewable resources to generate production. Locally, there may be additional protection priorities, such as the protection of genetic diversity or the need to protect specific plant or animal species. Start with small changes first: Most agricultural techniques have been developed over a long period of time. 9 Achieving sustainable soil management See how human factors and analysis techniques affect soil management decisions. Increase soil organic matter. For this purpose, the minimum and most economical and fastest way of implementation of each application in agriculture is one of the priorities that should be focused on the protection of agricultural areas and natural resources. Increase soil organic matter. Then, physical, chemical, biological and regulatory compliance options should be decided. The year 2020 has been a very unusual year, and Christmas 2020 is like no other holiday season in living memory. Sustainable soil management for a sustainable future . This cycle can be traditional, industrial and commercial, as well as be sustainable. Soil quality: indicator of sustainable land management Developing sustainable land management systems is complicated by the need to consider their utility to humans, their efficiency of resource use, and their ability to maintain a balance with the environment that is favorable both to humans and most other species (Harwood, 1990). Contact our London head office or media team here. Maximizing soil health is essential to maximizing profitability. Nitrogen deficiency can be measured by multispectral camera. It provides step-by-step information on soil-improving practices as well as in-depth background—from what soil is to the importance of organic matter. In order to compare soil management and processing systems, different indicators can be used in soil quality assessments according to soil conditions. The multiplicity of components and the different prescriptions are due to the delicate but complex structure of the method and its applications. All of the work done on soil in order to grow the necessary and useful plants and animals for the survival of the people and to obtain the products is called agriculture. We share our knowledge and peer-reveiwed research papers with libraries, scientific and engineering societies, and also work with corporate R&D departments and government entities. Correct plant nutrition management is in interaction with many factors. Today, the greatest success in agriculture will be to achieve the desired increase in production by reducing the negative environmental conditions. Europe’s urban areas are growing, often at the expense of fertile agricultural land. Cover plants (alfalfa, vetch, etc.) In particular, in order to make agriculture in high slope areas, it is the name given to the arrangement of the land in the form of steps and supported by walls. Exposing the soil to compressing and then drying may cause the surfaces to crust. Long-term stability and efficiency is required. Soil Management. When 2021 starts, it will be another year where I would argue that many investments are expensive. The application time and method are of great importance in the fertilization process which is applied to soil in order to meet the basic nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc.) Nowadays, with the introduction of Industry 4.0 technology, it is possible to reduce the costs of using natural resources at the required level by ensuring the communication of objects in agriculture. Regionally, even on field level, soil properties show significant differences depending on distance. assessment so science-based interventions can be formulated to produce tangible benefits for farmers through convergence of sustainable technologies, and the incorporation of an effective integrated watershed management approach. So if nothing is done to reverse soil and land degradation in the Philippines, expect the country’s agriculture sector to experience a downtrend in output in the next decades especially if water scarcity issues are not also addressed. In determining the soil tillage system, the most suitable tillage system should be selected by evaluating the soil structure and quality, not only for the purpose of loosening and aerating the soil and destroying weeds. In fact, it is a known fact that the physical and chemical properties of soils are highly variable in agricultural areas.
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